Developmental Delays and Disabilities Listed in IDEA


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The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) lists conditions present in a child that can qualify him or her for special services in the educational system in preschool. These are:

*Chromosomal Abnormalities (e.g., Down syndrome)

*Syndromes (e.g., fetal alcohol syndrome)

*Neuromuscular Disorder (e.g., cerebral palsy, spina bifida)

*Central nervous system (CNS) abnormality (e.g., caused by bacterial/viral infections of the brain or head/spinal trauma)

*Hearing impairment (not correctable with surgery)

*Visual impairment (not correctable with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery)

*Diagnosed psychiatric conditions (e.g., reactive-attachment disorder)

*Emotional/behavioral disorder (i.e., not achieving expected milestones including lack of interest in others, inability to communicate emotional needs, self-injurious or other persistent stereotypical behaviors)

*Diagnosis of autism

*Orthopedic impairment

*Other health impairments (e.g., heart condition, tuberculosis, sickle cell anemia, asthma)

*Traumatic Brain Injury


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